To provide crucial knowledge and a basis for technology breakthroughs required to accelerate the development and deployment of large-scale CCS enhanced by comprehensive international co-operation. The fulfilment of this objective relies on long-term, targeted basic research of high scientific quality, professional management, and international user/partner involvement.
To foster future innovation and value creation within CCS technologies along the whole CO2 value chain. To create the basis for new services and products for the user partners originating from the centre activities ranging from novel separation technologies to value creation from transport and storage on the Norwegian Continental Shelf.
To recruit and educate personnel, of which 50% are women, with first-class competence within CCS-related topics (18 PhDs, eight Post-docs, 50 MSc graduates) to ensure recruitment both to industry and research institutions.
The following specific scientific objectives have been defined for the BIGCCS Centre:
Capture and systems:
Explore novel techniques for pre-combustion, post-combustion and oxy-fuel CO2 capture, including both new and retrofit technologies contributing to cost reductions focusing on increased efficiency in CO2 separation by:
- Development of high-temperature membranes and sorbents, and precipitating solvent systems characterised by improved capacity, minimum degradation and a benign environmental impact.
- Continuation the development efforts in the pre-combustion and oxy-fuel combustion area for key enabling technologies. Contribute to cost reductions through increased gas turbine efficiency and thus plant efficiency.
- Assessments of advanced CO2 capture techniques to the benefit of other energy intensive industries and offshore applications.
- Enhancement innovation and value creation by evaluating the realisation potential of novel CO2 capture technologies and identify the main challenges to be faced when integrating these with industrial processes and point out directions for further research related to the CO2 capture technology development.
Develop a coupled fluid-material fracture assessment model to enable safe and cost-effective design and operation of CO2 pipelines by improving the fundamental understanding of the interaction between the mechanical and fluid dynamical behaviour.
Furthermore, it is an objective to acquire accurate experimental data on thermophysical properties of CO2-rich mixtures at conditions relevant for operations involved in CCS chains, primarily conditioning and transport. The data will be used to improve and/or extend the range of validity of existing thermodynamic models.
Development of in-depth knowledge enabling long-term and safe storage of CO2 by:
- Qualification and management of CO2 storage recourses by generating fundamental knowledge through interpretation of geological data from wells, geophysical data and understanding of basin history.
- Developing the understanding and description of interactions of CO2 with the storage volumes to give the scientific basis required for establishing safe geological CO2
- Improving CO2 storage safety by combining geophysical monitoring methods with reservoir fluid flow simulations to reduce the uncertainties of time-lapse geophysical measurements. Improve detection and quantification of possible CO2 leakage rates from geological storage, and describe preventive and corrective actions to handle potential leakages.